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Table 2.2

Estimates of Global Morbidity and Mortality

of Water-Related Diseases (early 1990s)

 

Disease

Morbidity (episodes/year or people infected)

Mortality (deaths/year)

Diarrheal Diseases

1,000,000,000

3,300,000

Intestinal Helminths

1,500,000,000 (people infected)

100,000

Schistosomiasis

200,000,000 (people infected)

200,000

Dracunculiasis

150,000 (in 1996)

-

Trachoma

150,000,000 (active cases)

-

Malaria

400,000,000

1,500,000

Dengue Fever

1,750,000

20,000

Poliomyelitis

114,000

-

Trypanosomiasis

275,000

130,000

Bancroftian Filariasis

72,800,000 (people infected)

-

Onchocerciasis

17,700,000 (people infected; 270,000 blind)

40,000 (mortality caused by blindness)

     

 

Source: Table 2.2 from "The World’s Water." Data from World Health Organization, 1995, "Community Water Supply and Sanitation: Needs, Challenges and Health Objectives." 48th World Health Assembly, A48/INF.DOC./2,28 April, Geneva, Switzerland.

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