Pacific Institute

Table 1. Total Renewable Freshwater Supply By Country

Source: P.H. Gleick, 1998, "The World's Water 1998-1999" (Island Press, Washington, DC).

Annual Renewable

Water Resources
(km^3/yr)

Year of
Estimate

Source of

Estimate

Region and Country
AFRICA
Algeria

14.3

1997

c,j

Angola

184.0

1987

b

Benin

25.8

1994

c

Botswana

14.7

1992

c

Burkina Faso

17.5

1992

c

Burundi

3.6

1987

b

Cameroon

268.0

1987

b

Cape Verde

0.3

1990

c

Central African Republic

141.0

1987

b

Chad

43.0

1987

b

Comoros

1.0

1987

b

Congo

832.0

1987

b

Congo, Democratic Republic (formerly Zaire)

1,019.0

1990

c

Cote D'Ivoire

77.7

1987

b

Djibouti

0.3

1997

j

Egypt

86.8

1997

j

Equatorial Guinea

30.0

1987

b

Eritrea

8.8

1990

c

Ethiopia

110.0

1987

b

Gabon

164.0

1987

b

Gambia

8.0

1982

c

Ghana

53.0

1970

c

Guinea

226.0

1987

b

Guinea-Bissau

27.0

1991

c

Kenya

30.2

1990

c

Lesotho

5.2

1987

b

Liberia

232.0

1987

b

Libya

0.6

1997

c,j

Madagascar

337.0

1984

c

Malawi

18.7

1994

c

Mali

67.0

1987

b

Mauritania

11.4

1997

c,j

Mauritius

2.2

1974

c

Morocco

30.0

1997

c,j

Mozambique

216.0

1992

c

Namibia

45.5

1991

c

Niger

32.5

1988

c

Nigeria

280.0

1987

b

Rwanda

6.3

1993

c

Senegal

39.4

1987

b

Sierra Leone

160.0

1987

b

Somalia

15.7

1997

j

South Africa

50.0

1990

c

Sudan

154.0

1997

c,j

Swaziland

4.5

1987

b

Tanzania

89.0

1994

c

Togo

11.5

1987

b

Tunisia

4.1

1997

j

Uganda

66.0

1970

c

Zambia

116.0

1994

c

Zimbabwe

20.0

1987

b

NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA
Barbados

<1

1962

d

Belize

16.0

1987

b

Canada

2901.0

1980

d

Costa Rica

95.0

1970

d

Cuba

34.5

1975

d

Dominican Republic

20.0

1987

b

El Salvador

19.0

1975

d

Guatemala

116.0

1970

d

Haiti

11.0

1987

b

Honduras

83.4

1992

h

Jamaica

8.3

1975

d

Mexico

357.4

1975

d

Nicaragua

175.0

1975

d

Panama

144.0

1975

d

Trinidad and Tobago

5.1

1975

d

United States of America

2478.0

1985

d

SOUTH AMERICA
Argentina

994.0

1976

d

Bolivia

300.0

1987

b

Brazil

6950.0

1987

b

Chile

468.0

1975

d

Colombia

1070.0

1987

b

Ecuador

314.0

1987

b

Guyana

241.0

1971

d

Paraguay

314.0

1987

b

Peru

40.0

1987

b

Suriname

200.0

1987

b

Uruguay

124.0

1965

d

Venezuela

1317.0

1970

d

ASIA
Afghanistan

65.0

1997

j

Bahrain

0.1

1997

j

Bangladesh

2357.0

1987

b

Bhutan

95.0

1987

b

Cambodia

498.1

1987

b

China

2800.0

1980

d

Cyprus

0.9

1997

d,j

India

2085.0

1975

d

Indonesia

2530.0

1987

b

Iran

137.5

1997

j

Iraq

96.4

1997

j

Israel

2.2

1986

d

Japan

547.0

1980

d

Jordan

0.9

1997

j

Korea DPR

67.0

1987

b

Korea Rep

66.0

1992

h

Kuwait

0.0

1997

j

Laos

270.0

1987

b

Lebanon

4.8

1997

j

Malaysia

456.0

1975

d

Mongolia

24.6

1987

b

Myanmar

1082.0

1987

b

Nepal

170.0

1987

b

Oman

1.0

1997

j

Pakistan

429.4

1997

j

Philippines

323.0

1975

d

Qatar

0.1

1997

j

Saudi Arabia

2.4

1997

j

Singapore

0.6

1975

d

Sri Lanka

43.2

1970

d

Syria

46.1

1997

j

Thailand

179.0

1987

b

Turkey

200.7

1997

j

United Arab Emirates

0.2

1997

j

Vietnam

376.0

1987

b

Yemen

4.1

1997

j

EUROPE
Albania

21.3

1970

d

Austria

90.3

1980

d

Belgium

12.5

1980

e

Bulgaria

205.0

1980

d

Czech Republic

58.2

1990

h

Denmark

13.0

1977

e

Finland

113.0

1980

d

France

198.0

1990

i

Germany

171.0

1991

i

Greece

58.7

1980

e

Hungary

120.0

1991

i

Iceland

170.0

1987

d

Ireland

50.0

1972

e

Italy

167.0

1990

h

Luxembourg

5.0

1976

e

Malta

0.0

1997

j

Netherlands

90.0

1980

e

Norway

392.0

1991

i

Poland

56.2

1980

e

Portugal

69.6

1990

h

Romania

208.0

1980

d

Slovakia

30.8

1990

h

Spain

111.3

1985

e

Sweden

180.0

1980

d

Switzerland

50.0

1985

d

United Kingdom

120.0

1980

e

Yugoslavia

265.0

1980

d

Russia

4498.0

1997

g,k

Armenia

10.5

1997

k

Azerbaidzhan

30.3

1997

k

Belarus

58.0

1997

k

Estonia

12.8

1997

k

Georgia

63.3

1997

k

Kazakhstan

109.6

1997

k

Kyrgyzstan

20.6

1997

k

Latvia

35.4

1997

k

Lithuania

24.9

1997

k

Moldavia

11.7

1997

k

Tadjikistan

16.0

1997

k

Turkmenistan

24.7

1997

k

Ukraine

139.5

1997

k

Uzbekistan

50.4

1997

k

OCEANIA
Australia

343.0

1975

d

Fiji

28.6

1987

b

New Zealand

327.0

1991

h

Papua New Guinea

801.0

1987

b

Solomon Islands

44.7

1987

b

Notes: Compiled by P.H. Gleick, Pacific Institute.

a Total natural renewable surface and groundwater. Typically includes flows from other countries. (FAO: "Natural total renewable water resources.")

b Estimates from Belyaev, Institute of Geography, USSR (1987).

c Estimates from FAO (1995) "Water Resources of African Countries." Rome.

d Estimates from WRI (1994). See this source for original data source

e Estimates from Margat (1989), Water International 14 as cited in Gleick 1993, Table A11.

f Estimates from Shahin (1989), Water International 14 as cited in Gleick 1993, Table A17.

g Estimates from Goscomstat, USSR, 1989 as cited in Gleick 1993, Table A16.

h World Resources Institute 1996 "World Resources" Oxford Univ. Press.

i  New ECE Environmental Statistical Database. j Estimates from FAO (1997) "Water Resources of the Near East Region: A Review." Rome.

Estimates from FAO (1997) "Irrigation in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union in Figures." Rome.

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